diwali essay in english 1000 words
Diwali Essay in English 1000 words
Diwali the festival of lights is one of the most colourful and celebrated festivals in India. Every year it is celebrated with great pomp and gaiety all over the country. People from all the nook and corners of the society come out and gather to celebrate it. It is celebrated in the month of autumn season. Diwali signifies the victory of light over darkness and that of good over evil. To mark this day, people decorate their houses with diyas and candles and earthen lamps. Nowadays people also use the fancy lights run in electricity.
It has been mentioned in ancient literature and scriptures about the significance of celebration of this festival. The most popular belief is that this festival was first celebrated when Lord Ram along with his team of Sita, Lakshman, Hanuman and others reached their hometown of Ayodhya after staying in the exile for 14 years and defeating Ravan. At that time people were elated and burst out crackers and light their homes. They welcomed the group to a rousing reception. The happiness of the people of the town knew no bounds. This marked the first celebrations of Diwali and the trend continued.
Another popular folktale for the origin of the festival refers to the time when Lord Vishnu killed Narakasur to maintain peace and harmony in the kingdom. Diwali was thus celebrated as a triumph of good over evil. The kingdom referred to was named as Pragjyotishpur which is in the present day of the state of Assam in north-eastern India.
Technically Diwali is a 5-day long festival. Although the major part of celebrations like bursting of crackers and performing Kali Puja occurs on 2 days, the festivities go around for 5 days. Let’s see the details of each day – – –
Day 1: Dhanteras
The word is derived from the word Dhan which means wealth and Teras which means 13th. So, this day starts on the 13th day of Kartik month of the Hindu calendar and marks the onset of the 5-day long Diwali festival. This is a very auspicious day for all the Hindu families. People clean their homes, give a new look by applying paints and decorate their houses with lights and candles. This is also considered as a shopping day. It is a popular belief that if you buy gold or any other precious wealth on this day then you will be rich as Goddess Lakshmi gives her blessings. Thus, we see long customer lines at shops mostly jewellery.
Day 2: Choti Diwali
This is the 2nd day of the Diwali festivals. It is also known as Naraka Chaturdashi. On this day Lord Krishna finished off the demon Naraka who was at a kingdom in Pragjyotishpur, present day Assam. Thus, this day is celebrated as a sign of victory of good over the bad. Also, people pray on this day for the peace of their forefathers and souls who were trapped in the evil spirits.
Day 3: Kali Puja
This is the main day where festivities are at a height. On this day, people burst crackers and light their homes with diyas and candles and earthen lamps. People also use colourful electric lights by giving various styles and arranging them. On this day, younger members of the family take blessings from the elders and ask for forgiveness. As the night progresses, people perform Kali Puja at the temples. In many communities, Lakshmi Puja is also done.
Day 4: Govardhan Puja
This day is essentially for the husband and wife. The husbands buys gifts and sweets and treats his wife. The legends say that this day is celebrated to honour Shiva and Parvati. Some say this day is celebrated to honour Krishna who saved a village from incessant rains and the villagers began to worship him.
Day 5: Bhai Duj
The last day celebrates the bond between brother and sister. It is similar to Raksha Bandhan but this time the brother travels all the way to meet the sister at her home. Sweets and gifts are given to the sister by her brother and in turn the sister prepares nice dishes and feeds him with her hands. Also, the women in the house perform puja on this day to ask for well being of their men and seek the Lord’s blessings.
While it is one of the biggest festivals in India, it is not without its share of controversies. The major problem occurs due to the bursting of firecrackers which causes lot of air pollution. After the Diwali is over, we can see heavy smog which engulfs the cities and towns. This creates lot of health hazards and can be dangerous for the people. Next problem that occurs is due to the animal sacrifice that takes place on Kali Puja. While it’s not done at all places but it’s common amongst the Hindu community. The people use to give the sacrifice of animals in the name of Goddess Kali which many deem it to be unethical. Many activists have called in for a ban on the animal sacrifice also. Another problem is the incoming of products from foreign markets, mostly China. The earthen lamp workers try very hard to make the lamps and get ready for Diwali. However, at this time traders bring in the fancy lights from Chinese markets at a very cheap rate and they sell like hot cakes. Thus, the local artist working to make earthen lamps suffer a lot. Also, the Indian made crackers of Sivakasi in Maharashtra and Barpeta in Assam are ignored by the people for the craze of Chinese made firecrackers and lights. Also, on these days large betting takes place which is termed as illegal by our government.
Thus, these controversies mar the festival mood and dampen people’s spirits. Hope this Diwali we can enjoy more and go less into the problems. Happy Diwali to all the readers out here.
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